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Sinks are usually defined by the way they are fitted eg. under-mounted, inset etc. And secondly by the type of material they are made of. For a summary of styles click here. For a summary of sink materials, click here.
Laminate worktops are usually regarded as unsuitable for fitting under-mounted sinks. However, wherever there is a problem there is always some craftsmen getting around it. Two methods of doing this are shown here and there are others.. https://youtu.be/0BOuy51EkkE https://youtu.be/JeMXh0vXxqY
A Belfast Sink is a particular type of Butler Sink. A true Belfast sink has a weir type overflow although the definition of a Belfast sink has become much more fluid over time and often now refers to many types of butler sink. For full details on these sinks click here
At one time sinks were all fitted without a hole and later just a hole with a bung type plug. Most modern sinks are fitted with a larger hole and a waste strainer on the plug called a strainer waste. For full details click here.
They are usually caused by pans and other metal objects scraping across the sink surface and are often called pan streaks. For details of how to remove them and general care of ceramic sinks click here.
Many sink manufacturers recommend you avoid the use of bleach on your sink. In reality, bleach is unlikely to harm any sink surfaces unless left on for an extended period. It is also important to consider the material. Ceramic sinks should be fine up to about 30 minutes exposure. Neat bleach should be avoided on stainless steel but dilute bleach may be used for short periods but avoid bleach on highly polished stainless steel. Granite composite sinks are usually resistant to dilute bleach but concentrated bleach can affect the colour.
Sinks were traditionally fitted in cupboards but as this trend declined they were positioned under windows as it was simply an ideal position to fit it. There would be plenty of light. For ease, waste pipes could go straight out of the wall and connect to the drain. It was also an economic use of space, you cannot practically fit a sink under kitchen cupboards and so the window space would remain unused even if a sink were not fitted. If it suits and you can cope with the plumbing, there is no reason a sink can't be fitted anywhere in a kitchen.
Strictly speaking a composite sink is made from a substance containing more than one material. Most commonly this refers to a granite or quartz composite sink made up of crushed stone and resin. The materials are compressed together and heat cured to form a hard, stain resistant material. Composite sinks are available in a range of colours.
Many sinks are available as a right hand or left hand drainer. Sometimes the kitchen design dictates the side of the drainer but when you have a choice is entirely down to personal preference. Some suggest it maybe down to being either right or left handed but the most common reason for preference is habit, with most choosing the same side as their previous sink.
Again, if the side the half bowl is positioned is not set by plumbing or by the design then it's entirely down to personal choice.